středa 22. února 2012

Martin Spanberg - Member of the Kamchatka expedition

M. Spansberg Russian flag was supposed to find new ways to the New World. During the search for this journey to explore the area managed Kamčatského peninsula, the Japanese island of Honshu and Kurile Islands map.
SPANBERG Martin († 1761) - Danish sailor in the Russian service
Shortly before he died, Tsar Peter I issued instructions for the expedition, which, according to the ideas of German philosopher GWF Leibniz to find a new way to America. In one of the representatives of V. Bering Danish sailor named Martin Spanberga. At the end of January and February 1725 drove Bering expedition from St. Petersburg and the rivers and permeable hard to move in June 1726 came to Yakutia.
The history of the Danish sailor Spanberg wrote a very austere relationship to other participants and raw approach to the inhabitants of areas in which expedition passed through. Bering gave him the hardest part of the freight roads impassable and unexplored from Yakutsk to the sea. On the boats and tried to slide into the Okhotsk transport material for building ships. At the end of January 1727 came to the sea forty sled (from hundreds of original), but their way vroubil poztrácený material and dozens of dead and Jakutů Tunguzů accompanying dog team from the river Judomy.A survey of Kamchatka
Under the command of Spanbergovým crossed in July 1727 a small ship Fortuna from Okhotsk to Kamchatka and anchored in the Bolshaya River estuary on the west coast of the peninsula. Spanberg with only two boat trips transported to Bolšorecka most difficult and severe frosts in Kamchatka on his way across the east coast to the mouth of the river.
In July 1728 launched a Russian expedition ship at sea and St. Gabriel Spanberg participated in a voyage along the coast of Siberia in the north to the Arctic Sea. Bering expedition, however, found no way to America and found not even know how far they are from the Far East shores of the New World. Dissatisfied because the Admiralty sent again in the spring of 1734 Bering to the Far East, and with him went to Siberia complex paths again and Spanberg Martin as his assistant. In the summer of 1735 arrived with a cargo from there to the Yakutsk and proceeded to Okhotsk.
Compared with passive Bering, who remained three years in Yakutsk, Spanberg directly spender energy. In the Okhotsk built two smaller ships (the Archangel Michael and Nadezhda) and corrected St. Gabriel. In June 1738 he sailed with them to Bolšorecka in Kamchatka and went on to Japan. Recorded in the map series Kuril Islands, but the lack of food forced him to return. Wintered in Kamchatka in May 1738 again went to the south. 16th June first saw the shores of Japan's Honshu Island, but did not dare to land on its shores, and having dealt with some representatives of the Japanese authorities. In mid-August, the ship returned to Spanbergovy Bolšorecka and continued into the Okhotsk.Solid defense of the Japanese ...
Separately issued to Japan ship Nadezhda under the command of Lieutenant William Walton († 1743). Penetrated further south than the other two Russian ship. The commander sent to the island of Honshu boat with several seamen, who briefly went through the Japanese settlement. Soon, however, many Japanese boats with armed men surrounded the Nadezhda and Walton decided to return to Okhotsk (22 8th 1739). Explored and recorded the way the map of the coast of Okhotsk Sea (between the mouth of rivers and Inje Ulje). After sailing the Bering returned to American shores, became leader of the expedition Spanberg that continued mapping the Pacific coast of the Far East.

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