středa 22. února 2012

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de la Vérendrye

P.G. de Varennes and his sons were not only weighing traders, explorers but also in North America. On the "my account" you credited for the discovery of lakes, rivers or mountains. They've also formed a large settlement.
VARENNES de la Pierre Gaultier de VÉRENDRYE (* 17 11th 1685, Trois Rivières, Canada, † 5th 12th 1749, Montreal, Canada) - French businessman, explorer of North America
At the beginning of the 18th century took place in the North America competitive struggle between the English Hudson's Bay Company managed and French fur traders. In this atmosphere in 1730 gave the French king Louis XV. Pierre de Varennes La Vérendrye, who previously bought furs in the river Wed Maurice (a tributary of the St. Lawrence River), the monopoly right to trade furs for the Lake Superior and Lake Nipigon. One of the conditions was another search connector Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.Discovery of Lake Winnipeg
With financial help traders left Montreal in Varennes and the Great Lakes region since 1731, he, or his sons, Jean Baptiste (1713-1736), Pierre ml. (1714-1755), François (1715-1794) and Louis Joseph (1717-1794) and nephew Christophe de Dufreau Gemer, published a survey on the central region of Canada. Varennes-father used the letters patent and founded the fortified settlement Rainy Lake Saint Pierre and Forest Lake (Lake of the Woods) Fort Saint Charles, which became the basis for further travel. Varennesové when they discovered Lake Winnipeg and Nelson River, which flows from it and head west to Hudson Bay.
While Father Varennes devoted mainly trade, sending their kids younger family branched search for "West River", which talked about the Indians. Between 1734-35 and traveled by Jean Baptiste Pierre ml. along with de la Gemerym along the southern edge of Lake Winnipeg to the River Red River, where they established Fort Maurepas (in its defense against the Sioux fell Varennes Jean Baptiste).
Varennes Oldest first went north and discovered Lake Manitoba and Winnipegosis in September 1738 and went on to Red River, where the French base was further penetration into the Missouri basin. Valley Assinoboine and get Pierre Souris ml. and Louis-Joseph Varennesové in the Mandan, but did not find the river heading west. Varennesové in the spring of 1739 approached the northern shore of Lake Winnipeg and thence to Cedar Lake and the lower flow of Saskatchewan. Fort Bourbon, which was founded on its shore, served by French efforts to prevent further action in the English west of Canada.
The youngest Varennesové François and Louis-Joseph in May 1742 and came to Mandanům them went to the southwest. Abandoned by their guides wandering prairie, until they reached the ends between the rivers Little Missouri and Cheyenne. The next procedure appeared Hills Black Hills and Big Horn. Cheyenne River continued to its confluence with the Missouri and upstream of the mighty river approached the village at the Assiniboine River.
Canada under the rule of the British Empire
Find the path to the "Western Sea" is released in 1749 by Louis Joseph Varennes. He chose the Saskatchewan River, came to places where they run down North and South Saskatchewan, but did not penetrate to the ocean. Varennesové completed the survey in its broad outlines of a complex of rivers and lakes central Canada. Significantly expanded the territory was called New France. Seven Years War, which took place on the American continent in the years 1756-63 as a conflict between France and England, has changed the balance of forces to the end, Canada has become part of the British Empire.

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